Hemp stalk processing is typically referred to as "decortication". Technically speaking, decortication is only one (albeit the most important) of several steps involved in fully processing hemp stalks into useful components. The majority of decortication capacity that exists today is located in Europe and China where the focus has been on fibre production as opposed to North America where most hemp has been grown for grain. With the absence of North American decortication, farmers end up having to burn the stalks. There are many different approaches to processing/decortication hemp stalk ranging from large scale industrial facilities capable of processing 5 tonnes/hour to emerging technologies that are mobile (or semi-mobile) aimed at economically unlocking small-scale decortication at 1-2 tonnes/hour.
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